Common Verbs: Pronunciation of -ed in Past Tense

Here are some common words to help you practice the -ed ending. Read the word lists. You can also
practice with the paragraph below.

Watch a video on -ed pronunciation.

the “T” soundthe “ed” soundthe “ed” sound
c/k, f (gh or ph), j, (dge),
p, s, z, sh, ch
d, tb, g, l, m, n, r, w, v, y,
a, e, i, o, u
askedacceptedagreed
changedactedbelieved
developedadmittedcalled
finisheddecidedcarried
helpedexpectedexplained
introducedincludedfollowed
likedindicatedhappened
promisedlastedlearned
reachedneededlived
stoppedreportedlistened
talkedstartedplayed
walkedsuggestedremembered
washedtestedseemed
watchedwaitedshowed
workedwantedtraveled
Speaking PracticeSpeaking PracticeSpeaking Practice

Read this story to practice -ed sounds.

Yesterday was so busy! At the office, I worked hard with my team. We developed a new advertising plan. Our meeting lasted about two hours. I remembered an advertising plan that worked five years ago, and I suggested we try that again. We needed to get the manager’s approval. We called him on the office phone. He admitted that the idea seemed good but believed we should lower the budget. We reported our numbers to him and talked about the budget for a long time. Finally, he decided to give us the money we wanted. 
On the way home, I stopped at the mall. I had promised my daughter a new MP3 player for her birthday. At the electronics store, I played songs and listened for quality sound. I decided to buy one at a medium price.
When I got home, the kitchen was a mess. We agreed to clean up after ourselves at our house, so I asked around to find out who had cooked last. That person turned out to be my son. While he washed the dishes, I sat at the kitchen table and talked to him about his school work. Last year, he tested into an advanced program, and I wanted to see how he was doing. He seemed happy with it. He started telling me about his classes and what he learned that day.

Practice Tip: Now, write your own story about things you did yesterday.
Try to use regular verbs (irregular verbs, like “to be,” do not have the -ed ending).
Repeat this several times a week to improve your ability to speak in the past tense.

Speak Method is a branch of I.E. Tutoring which holds the copyright for all materials on this site.

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